The world is full of exceptional, centuries-old buildings that remind us of ancient cultures. Many of them are still intriguing and cause a lot of uncertainty. Scientists have not yet answered all the questions related to them. This only proves that the past of ancient civilizations is majestic but shady. However, there are some places left that we could explore and feel that greatness of the first civilizations.
Machu Picchu, Peru
Located in the current territory of Peru, Machu Picchu is a mysterious city of Inca civilization. Translated from Quechua, the name of this city means “old mountain.” It is interesting that Machu Picchu was discovered not so long ago only in 1911. Scholars claim that the Incas founded the city around 1440, and it existed until 1532 when the Inca settlement was occupied by Spanish conquistadors.
However, the invaders of this city failed in demolishing it, so even today, while visiting South America, one can admire the mysterious buildings hidden in the mountain panorama. The secrets of the Inca civilization still raise many questions for scholars, and Machu Picchu is included in the list of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
Chichen Itza, Mexico
In the territory of Mexico, in the state of Yucatan, a majestic temple city reminiscent of the mysterious times of Mayan civilization can be found. Chichen Itza is the true Mayan masterpiece. The most famous pyramid of this city – the Pyramid of Kukulkan – was built to perform the function of a calendar. The Mayans were great astronomers and mathematicians. They built a four-walled pyramid with a strip of stairs on every walls. There are 364 stairs and adding the upper step results in 365 stairs – the number of days per year. The pyramid was built based on observations of cosmic bodies.
In Indonesia, the island of Java is home to the largest Buddhist temple in all of Southeast Asia. Construction of Borobudur began around 750 AD, during the reign of the Chalder Dynasty. For nearly 200 years, this majestic building has been the center of the Buddhist religion on the island of Java. The decoration of the shrine seeks to replicate the concept of the Buddhist universe. The terrace is decorated with 504 Buddha sculptures. Borobudur was only discovered in the middle of the 19th century. At that time, the entire temple was hidden under a layer of ash from the volcano. The cleanup took about twenty years, and today, Borobudur is one of the most popular attractions on the island of Java.
Tikal is another gift of Mayan civilization that has survived to this day. Thousands of buildings have survived in this Mayan city byt only a small part of them has already been excavated by archaeologists. Most of the buildings of Tikal are still hidden in the jungles of Guatemala. Are you a Star Wars fan? If so, you probably remember the rebel base on the planet Yavin 4. Filming of this scene took place in Tikal!